The Simple Future Tense

The Simple Future Tense

The Simple Future Tense

The future tense talks about the actions in the future.

The future tense employees a helping verb “will” or “shall” preceding the base form of the verb.

 

Note:

In modern English, will is often used instead of shall.
Shall is often used with “I” and “we” to offer a suggestion:
Example:
Shall I carry your bag for you?”
Shall we start with our class?”

 

When do we use the tense?

 

(1) A decision at the moment:
“I will close the door.”
(2) Prediction
“I think he will win the election.”
(3) A future fact:
“It will snow this winter.”
(4) Promises/requests
“I will help you with your research.”

 

Affirmative

 

Pattern:

Subject + will/shall + infinitive without to

 

Examples:

I will go to the mall tomorrow with my friends.
You will eat at the restaurant.
They will play basketball next Sunday.

 

*Contraction:

I’ll = I will

 

Negative

 

Pattern:

Subject + will/shall not + infinitive without to

Examples:

I will not go to the mall tomorrow with my friends.
You will not eat at the restaurant.
They will not play basketball next Sunday.

 

*Contraction:

I won’t = I will not

We never use the contraction “I’ll not” here.

Rather, we simply use: “I won’t”

 

Question/Interrogative Affirmative

 

Pattern:

Will/Shall + Subject + Infinitive without to

 

Examples:

Will I go to the mall tomorrow with my friends?
Will you eat at the restaurant?
Will they play basketball next Sunday?

 

Question/Interrogative [ Negative ]

 

Pattern:

Will/Shall + not + Subject + Infinitive without to

 

Examples:

Won’t I go to the mall tomorrow with my friends?
Won’t you eat at the restaurant?
Won’t they play basketball next Sunday?

 

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