The Present Perfect Tense

The Present Perfect Tense

The Present Perfect Tense

 

We use the tense to say that an action happened at an unspecified time before now.
Note that you cannot use the tense with specific time expressions such as: Yesterday, a year ago, a week ago, etc.

 

When do we use the tense?

(1) Unfinished actions ( Used with “since” and “for” )
“I have known you since kindergarten.”
“I have lived here for 2 years.”
(2) Finished actions: Life situations:
“I have been to China.”
(3) Finished action: Finished action with a result in the present.
“I have missed my flight.”

 

Affirmative

 

Pattern:

Subject + Have/Has + Past Participle

 

Example:

I have seen the movie Harry Potter for a hundred times.
I have been to New York a lot of times.
My motorcycle has broken down three times this week.

 

Negative

 

Pattern:

Subject + Have/Has + not + Past Participle

 

Example:

I haven’t seen the movie Harry Potter for a hundred times.
I haven’t been to New York a lot of times.
My motorcycle hasn’t broken down three times this week.

 

 

Interrogative/Question

 

Pattern:

Have/Has + Subject + Past Participle

 

Example:

Have you seen the movie Harry Potter for a hundred times?
Have you been to New York a lot of times?
Has my motorcycle broken down three times this week?

*Contraction
*Have not = Haven’t
*Has not = Hasn’t

 

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